The first thing you need to do to go off the grid is to rid yourself of dependence on electricity from your power company. The most common way to do so is by using the sun to provide your power. This concept is not new, but more people are turning to these constant power sources to help offset or replace their reliance on epileptic electricity.
Residential homes that use solar power typically have photovoltaic (PV) solar panels located on the roof or near the house. These panels contain cells made up of silicon semiconductors (Monocrystalline and Polycrystalline). When the sun’s light hits the panel, these semiconductors collect the energy and knock electrons loose so they can flow freely. An electric field in the panel then takes these electrons and forces them to flow in one direction, creating an electrical direct current (DC). The DC is then passed through a charge controller to an inverter that simply converts this DC into the alternating current (AC) that your home uses.
Renewable energy will help you to reduce your electricity bill substantially.